It is not a long way from survival and fitness to self-outsmarting.
The relationship of cooperation and self-interest was known as
a games-theory situation under the name of Prisoners Dilemma
and awakened the interest of mathematicians, scientists, political
scientists and evolutionary biologists. Computer games and
competitions for iterative and territorial forms of the prisoners'
dilemma show just how cooperation strategies can succeed, although
successful fraud brings the biggest gain in the short-term.